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2020

Commemorative postage stamps Program

50th Anniversary of Radio Studio B

Radio Studio B was founded on 1 April, 1970 by a group of journalists from the daily newspaper Borba as the first station outside the state broadcasting system. The broadcast of the programme started at exactly 1 pm. The editorial policy was completely revolutionary at the time – it was an urban radio with a lot of music and a maximum of three minutes of speech between two music tracks. Journalists and presenters brought in a ”traffic light” in the studio and it switched into ”red” every three minutes. No one, not even the most distinguished guests like the Mayor of Belgrade, could speak for more than three minutes at a time.

As early as 1971, the Second Programme on medium wave was launched, which was mainly music programme with news on an hourly basis. Later, the Third Programme was launched, with exclusively classical music, and the production of gramophone records and production of TV commercials were established. Those who will be remembered as the founders are Dragan Marković, journalist for the Borba daily, Slobodan Glumac, director of Borba and Nebojša – Bata Tomaševic, director of the Yugoslav Review.

On March 28, 1990, Studio B tried to broadcast a television programme but the authorities, dissatisfied with its editorial policy, switched off the transmitter. However, the first independent TV station in the Balkans began operating a few months later, in November 1990. The rest is history.

Expert collaboration: Studio B

Graphic realization of the issue: MA Marija Vlahović, academic graphic artist

European Nature Protection

The area of exceptional features ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area”

It is located on the territory of 1802,57 ha. Natural features of the area are comprised of well-preserved complexes of autochthonous oak and other forests, while 83 of 145 plant and animal species are protected, and 62 belong to the category of strictly protected. Coastal area of watercourses is amphibian and reptiles habitat, with 11 protected species. Bird fauna consists of Middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius), Red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) and Ortolan (Emberiza hortulana), which stands out as the species of international significance.

Mammal fauna is comprised of 52 species, and bats fauna is represented by 18 strictly protected species. In 2019, on the basis of the protection study of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia for the ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area”, the Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted a Decree declaring the Area of Exceptional Features ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area” in order to preserve immovable cultural assets, natural values, specific terrain configuration and regional diversity of the landscape character, due to the unique blend of natural and created values.

Dragan Cvijić, Spatial Planning Specialist, The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia.

The area of exceptional features ”Vardenik – Strešer”

It is located in the southeastern Serbia, within the region of Vlasina and Krajište, and it consists of Vardenik mountain with its highest peak Veliki Strešer (1876 m). The relief of Vardenik mountain was created in a long time period under the influence of complex geological and geomorphological processes. The flora of the region is characterized by great biological diversity with a total of 414 plant species. This small region is inhabited by 12,3% of Serbian total flora, with 10% of endemic taxons. This area is also characterized by the presence of 54 woody and shrubby species, eight of which are in the ”protected species” status: Turkish hazel (Corylus colurna), Silver birch (Betula pendula), Common juniper (Juniperus communis), Dog rose (Rosa canina), Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata), Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) and European bladdernut (Staphylea pinnata). Ichthyofauna of the region has kept a high level of autochthony, and the presence of the Brown trout is significant. This region is internationally important area for plants (IPA), internationally important area for birds (IBA) and a chosen area for butterflies (PBA).

Danko Jović, MSc in Biological Sciences and Ana Petković, Forestry Engineer,The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia

Artistic realization of the issue: Miroslav Nikolić.

Cities of Serbia

Kruševac

Kruševac is a city of exceptionally rich cultural and historical heritage. History in this city began to be written back in 1371, when Prince Lazar built Kruševac, choosing it for his capital.

Within the complex of Lazar’s Town, there is the Lazarica Church, which was dedicated by Prince Lazar to the Archdeacon and Martyr Stefan, the patron saint of the Nemanjić dynasty, and in honor of his firstborn son Stefan. There, the Serbian army took communion before going to the Battle of Kosovo. Not far from it, on the Square of Despot Stefan, a monument to Princess Milica by Zoran Ivanović, an academy-trained sculptor, was erected in 2018.

The City Government building (Načelstvo) with its magnificent interior represents one of the most beautiful architectural works from the beginning of the 20th century located in Kruševac. Mosaic Complex In Honour of Kruševac – the work of Mladen Srbinović inspired by the medieval history of Serbia, which adorns the premises of Načelstvo, consists of the wall and floor mosaics, stained glass windows and lunettes in the ceiling niches.

One of the oldest buildings in Kruševac is the Simić House, built before 1833, known as the place where Mileta’s rebellion was arranged. The centre of Kruševac is dominated by the symbol of the city – the Monument to the Kosovo Heroes, by sculptor Djordje Jovanović, which was awarded the Gold Medal of I Order at the 1900 Paris Universal Exhibition.

A memorial complex dedicated to the people from Kruševac and the surroundings who were shot in World War II – Slobodište, is located in the southern outskirts of the city. In the immediate vicinity of the town there is the Jastrebac Mountain, whose highest peaks Đulica (1491m) and Pogled (1481m) represent the natural boundary between Toplica and Pomoravlje regions.

Ribarska Spa near Kruševac is one of the first Serbian spas, and due to numerous visits of the royals, it is still called the Royal Spa. Its most frequent guest was King Peter I, who found a cure for gout there.

The city of Kruševac is a member of the International Association of Peace Messangers Cities and the only city in the world to receive the “Messanger of Peace” and “Peace Medal” recognitions. The Monument to Peace, unique in the world, was erected in Kruševac.

Motifs:

On the stamp: The Monument to the Kosovo Heroes; on the vignette and envelope: The Lazarica Church; on the maximum card: The Monument to Prince Lazar.

Expert collaboration: Tourist Organization of the City of Kruševac.

Artistic realization of the issue: MA Anamari Banjac, academic painter.

Čačak

Čačak is one of the biggest cities in Serbia, with a recognizable architecture and rich monumental heritage. There are numerous cultural monuments in Čačak, as well as sacral buildings and cultural institutions of national significance – the National Museum, the Church of the Ascension built in XII century and Artistic Gallery “Nadežda Petrović“. Also, famous archeological sites and cultural and historical monuments in Čačak are Roman spas and memorial complex on Ljubić Hill – the monument dedicated to the warriors of the First World War – The Four Faiths.

There are interesting and attractive tourist destinations in the Čačak area. Ovčar – Kablar Gorge – a region of exquisite features, a landscape with relief rich in river flows, lakes and diverse flora and fauna, medieval monasteries, thermo mineral springs of Ovčar Spa. Striking massifs of Ovčar and Kablar where West Morava river makes meanders, are recognizable symbols of this area. Atomic spa Gornja Trepča, a genuine pearl and of one of the main destinations of health tourism in Serbia, is located near the city of Čačak.

Being famous for exceptional gastronomic offer, numerous catering facilities and quality accomodation, Čačak is a city where a lot of events take place throughout the year. Čačak is also a city of sport, especially basketball, being the host to a great number of sporting events on a regular basis.

The city of Čačak with its surroundings has a rich cultural and historical heritage and numerous natural resources, which make it one of the most attractive destinations in the tourist region of Western Serbia.

Motifs:

On the stamp: A Square with a Fountain; on the vignette and envelope: The Church of the Ascension; on the maximum card: The Monument to Nadežda Petrović.

Expert collaboration: Tourist Organization of the City of Čačak.

Artistic realization of the issue: MA Anamari Banjac, academic painter.

Notable serbian persons

Momčilo Momo Kapor (1937–2010)

Momčilo Momo Kapor (8 April 1937 – 3 March 2010) was born in Sarajevo and moved to Belgrade when nine years old, where he lived the rest of his life with short interruptions. He graduated in 1961 at the Belgrade Academy of Fine Arts with a degree in painting, in the class of Nedeljko Gvozdenović. He entered the literary life of the capital in early 1960s, and published more than fifty books since – novels, short stories, travelogues and artistic monographies, making a plethora of works that were produced and played in theatres, on radio and TV. He was different from the other Belgrade writers in that he illustrated his books himself, nurturing an exceptional, lyric drawing style. He displayed his paintings in galleries and museums of Belgrade, Novi Sad, Zrenjanin, Zagreb, New York, Boston, Geneva, Brussels, Udine, Frankfurt, Caracas, London, Paris…

The literary critics and theoreticians considered him as one of the founders of the so-called “jeans prose” in our literature, pointing out his mastery in short literary forms. He was the author of the following novels: “Pretenders”, “Provincials”, “Ada Islet”, “Zoe”, “Green Felt of Montenegro”, “The Sarajevo Trilogy (The Last Flight to Sarajevo, Chronicle of the Lost City and The Address Keeper)”, “Ivana”, “Conte”, “Case History of Šlomović”, “Confessions”, “Travelogue through Biography”, “How to Become a Writer”, and so on. “Hello Belgrade”, “Magic of Belgrade” and “The Guide Through the Serbian Mentality” write about Belgraders, their city and life in it. His stories and novels were collected in several collections: “Death Doesn’t Hurt”, “She and Off Stories”, “101 stories”, “The Best Years and Other Stories”.

Momo Kapor is also the author of a great number of documentaries and TV programmes, and several feature-length movies were made by his screenplays. His works were translated into French, German, Polish, Czech, Hungarian and Swedish language.

He was a full member of the Academy of Science and Art of the Republic of Srpska.

Motif on the stamp: “Self-portrait” (2000, drawing, quill); motif on the vignette: “Portrait of Liki” (1982, drawing, pencil); motif on envelope: “Belgrade on the Hat” (2006, drawing, quill); motif on the cancellation: “A Girl with Rose” (1996, drawing, quill).

Expert collaboration: Momčilo Momo Kapor Foundation.

Graphic realization of the issue: MA Jakša Vlahović, academic graphic artist.

180th Anniversary of the Post of Serbia

At the territory of Serbia, ever since ancient times until the 19th century, there had always been a network of objects and people organized for transmission of letters, for the needs of state administrations. However, the citizens of those states could not use this network for their private purposes. According to Sretenje Constitution (1835) and the Constitution from 1839, the Ministry of Internal Affairs was assigned to establish public postal traffic in Serbia. The Ministry employed its business space and its clerks in order to open the first post office in Belgrade on 25 May / 7 June 1840, and soon afterwards the other post offices in Serbia.

The Postal Administration, as a department within the Ministry of Internal Affairs, initially had only 17 clerks, post masters and 16 post masters in Serbian towns. Those were the pioneers of the great system which, at the beginning of the 21st century, had 17,000 employees engaged in postal traffic. In the meantime, the Serbian Post was the first institution in Serbia which in 1891 trained, and in 1892 employed women – the first female post clerks.

In 180 years these people conveyed billions of postal items, among which there were millions of postal items from different culture fields – books, magazines, vinyl records and discs, film rolls, works of art... Even at the beginning, the Serbian Post had understood the value of literacy, and culture in general, so the conveyance of newspapers and books for Serbian readers, from 1846 was free of charge.

Many notable citizens of Serbia worked at the Post – Đura Daničić, Milovan Glišić, Vojislav Ilić, Dragomir Brzak, Branislav Nušić, Todor Stefanović Vilovski...

With its continuous existence the Post of Serbia also represents a confirmation of continuity of the modern Serbian state and it is an indicator of technological progress and modern aspirations of Serbia – from printing of the first postage stamps in 1866, via participation in the founding of the Universal Postal Union in Berne in 1874, the introduction of the telegraph in 1855 and the telephone in 1883, the establishment of Telekom Srbija a.d. 1997, until the opening of the most modern Regional Postal and Logistics Centre Belgrade in 2014, which achieved a higher level of quality of existing services and introduction of new ones in domestic and international postal traffic, especially in the segment of logistics services and electronic commerce.

The Post of Serbia enters its 180th year of existence laureled by numerous awards and recognitions and it continues to act as an important part of the modern national history of Serbia.

PE Post of Serbia

Artistic realization of the issue: MA Nadežda Skočajić, academic graphic artist.

Easter

Easter Sunday is the date of the annual celebration of Christ’s resurrection. The date is not fixed, but denotes the same season of the year and the same relationship to the preceding astronomical full moon that occurred at the time of His resurrection in 30 A.D.

Easter is one of the most important Christian holidays. This is a day of eternal joy, the day when Christ, the Son of God, conquered the death. By the act of resurrection Jesus Christ proved his divine power and opened the gate of eternal life, joy and happiness that we can find in our faith.

On Easter Sunday morning the church bells toll, and the people, together with their priest, go around the church. After the third round they stand in front of the church door. The priest carries the cross, candle and the censer and chants the Easter hymn. The door open and they enter the church where liturgy continues. When it ends, people greet each other with the words: “The Christ has resurrected”, and “Indeed he has”. There are many customs connected with Easter Sunday, and certainly one of them that children like best, is colouring and offering of eggs. The first egg is coloured red and in many parts of our country it is called “The house keeper” and is kept for the whole year, until the next Easter.

Expert collaboration: The Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade.

Artistic realization of the issue: MA Nadežda Skočajić, academic graphic artist.

Lunar Horoscope – year of the rat

The lunar calendar is based on cycles of lunar phases, although most of the lunar calendars are actually lunisolar calendars. This means that the calendar months correspond to lunar cycles; however, intercalary months are occasionally added to harmonize these cycles with the solar year. Among these calendars are Chinese, Hebrew and Hindu calendars, as well as most calendar systems used in ancient times. Lunar calendars differ according to which day the month begins. In the Chinese calendar, the first day is astronomically determined by the conjunction of the Sun and the Moon in the Chinese time zone.

Chinese Zodiac belongs to the oldest known astrological systems. It consists of 12 signs, each of which rules over one lunar year. These zodiac signs bear the names of animals (Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig). In addition to the basic signs, elements are also quite important in Chinese horoscope: wood, metal, water, fire and earth. Chinese astrology is based on the know-ledge of ancient astronomers and the traditional Chinese calendar. It is also associated with ancient teachings about three harmonies – heaven, earth and water, Wu Xing teachings, Yin and Yang, five planets, 10 celestial streams and 12 earth branches, etc.

According to the lunar horoscope, 2020 is the year of the Rat and it begins on Saturday, January 25th. Persons born under this zodiac sign are intelligent, energetic, and they can adapt to any situation, solving each problem with ease. The inherent confidence, charm, hard work, discipline and passionate dedication give people born in this sign a great chance to have a successful career and even get rich.

According to the lunar horoscope, 2020 will be a year of new beginnings. The Year of the Rat will be strong and prosperous for all signs of the lunar horoscope, so determination should be shown in achieving the goals, because the Year of the Rat is excellent, both for new beginnings and for development and advancement in general.

Artistic realization: MA Boban Savić, academic painter.

Italian Navy for the Serbian Army in the Great War

In the middle of the winter of 1915/1916 the Serbian Army, in the jaws of the army of the Central Powers, was forced to retreat followed by masses of people. On the Albanian coastline of the Adriatic they were all saved thanks to the magnificent humanitarian-military operation of the Italian Royal Navy. From December 12, 1915 to February 29, 1916 the Ita-lian Navy evacuated from Albania: 260,895 Serbian soldiers and refugees, 24,000 Austrian soldiers – prisoners of war of the Serbian Army, 10,153 horses, 68 cannons and 300,000 tons of food and supplies. Along with the Serbian Army and people, the Serbian Parliament, Government, Church, head of the Military, King, archives and treasures were evacuated. A total of 248 water crossings were conducted utilizing 350 ships. After long years of grueling trench warfare, only the Serbian Army was able to break through the Salonika Front and with continuous progress it determined the victory of the Allies in the Great War. But there would not have been that victorious Serbian Army if a few years earlier the Italian Royal Navy had not been on the coasts of Albania to extend a helping hand and deliver it to safety. The evacuation of the Serbian Army and people is a precursor to today’s humanitarian operations and still remains recorded as the most important and most complex operation of international humanitarian assistance and rescue of all time. By issuance of appropriate postage stamps on the Centennial of conclusion of the Paris Peace Conference, we pay tribute to those who sacrificed their own lives to save hundreds of thousands of civilians and soldiers. This is the best way to recall the enormity of the tragedy of war, even when it inspires such extraordinary episodes of solidarity and friendship of two peoples.

Motifs on the stamps: 27 RSD – Medua: Italian ships were waiting for them; 40 RSD – Brindisi: His Royal Highness Prince Aleksandar of Serbia and His Excellency Slobodan Jovanovic unloading. Accompanying them His Excellency Vice Admiral Emanuele Cutinelli Rendina, Commander of Operations for the transport of the Serbian Army; 54 RSD – Brindisi: Serbian Field Marshal Radomir Putnik disembarking from an Italian anti-torpedo boat; 70 RSD – Brindisi: Serbian officers disembarking. Motifs on the vignettes: 1 – Arta near Vlora: Wounded Serbs with medical staff; 2 – Durres: To the Italian ships, the ships of salvation; 3 – Serbian refugees disembarking at an Italian port; 4 – Bari: Serbian wounded disembarking at the italian port.

Expert collaboration: Mila Mihajlovic, Ph.D. historian, author of the Project “For the Serbian Army – The Forgotten Story”

Graphic realization of the stamps: MA Jakša Vlahović, academic graphic artist

2020

Lavender- Lavandula vera DC.

Lavender- Lavandula vera DC.

Technical informations

Date of Issue: 24.2.2020

Number of stamps: 1

Sheet: 100

Face value in RSD: 1,00

Artistic realization: Nadežda Skočajić

Size of stamps: 23,2 x 24,65 mm

Quantity: 400.000

Printing process: offset 4/0

Paper: Muflep 100 gr/m2 gummed

Perforation: 13 ¼

Children’s online safety

Children’s online safety

Technical informations

Date of Issue: 24.2.2020

Number of stamps: 1

Sheet: 100

Face value in RSD: 4,00

Artistic realization: Boban Savić

Size of stamps: 23,2 x 24,65 mm

Quantity: 300.000

Printing process: offset 4/0

Paper: Muflep 100 gr/m2 gummed

Perforation: 13 ¼

Chicory – Cichorium intybus L.

Chicory – Cichorium intybus L.

Technical informations

Date of Issue: 24.2.2020

Number of stamps: 1

Sheet: 100

Face value in RSD: 5,00

Artistic realization: Nadežda Skočajić

Size of stamps: 23,2 x 24,65 mm

Quantity: 300.000

Printing process: offset 4/0

Paper: Muflep 100 gr/m2 gummed

Perforation: 13 ¼

Žiča monastery

Žiča monastery

Technical informations

Date of Issue: 24.2.2020

Number of stamps: 1

Sheet: 100

Face value in RSD: 27,00

Artistic realization: Miroslav Nikolić

Size of stamps: 24,65 x 23,2 mm

Quantity: 1.000.000

Printing process: offset 4/0

Paper: Muflep 100 gr/m2 gummed

Perforation: 13 ¼

St. John᾿s Wort - Hypericum perforatum L.

St. John᾿s Wort - Hypericum perforatum L.

Technical informations

Date of Issue: 24.2.2020

Number of stamps: 1

Sheet: 100

Face value in RSD: 35,00

Artistic realization: Nadežda Skočajić

Size of stamps: 23,2 x 24,65 mm

Quantity: 300.000

Printing process: offset 4/0

Paper: Muflep 100 gr/m2 gummed

Perforation: 13 ¼